Sustainable Freshwater Fish Farming: A Comparison of the South Island of New Zealand and Carinthia in Austria

By Wolfgang Nemec and Michaela A. Balzarova.

Published by The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Environmental Studies

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Published online: November 11, 2014 $US5.00

The role of aquaculture is becoming more important globally. Efforts have therefore been made to establish sustainability frameworks that embrace ecological, economic, and social impediments to address current commercial aquaculture practices. The aim of this study was to review sustainability indicators of commercial aquaculture practices and apply suitable indicators for a comparison between two regions engaged in freshwater fish (FWF) farming. Furthermore this study conducted pre- and post-evaluation assessments to determine informability of selected sustainability indicators for this study. Nineteen ecological, economic and social indicators were used to assist in the assessment of ten FWF farms on the South Island of New Zealand and Carinthia in Austria. Results were gathered through a multi-criteria analysis approach and showed FWF farms as slightly more sustainable in Carinthia, Austria than in the South Island of New Zealand. Furthermore, informability of selected indicators has been discussed and limitations have been outlined.

Keywords: Aquaculture, Sustainability Indicators, Multi-criteria Analysis Approach

The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Environmental Studies, Volume 8, Issue 1, November 2014, pp.1-15. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Published online: November 11, 2014 (Article: Electronic (PDF File; 585.471KB)).

Wolfgang Nemec

MSc Student, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Vienna, Vienna, Austria

Dr. Michaela A. Balzarova

Senior Lecturer in Business Management, Faculty of Commerce, Lincoln University, Christchurch, New Zealand

My research explores the interface between business and the environment. In particular, my interests focus on voluntary regulation and business strategy. I study various strategies including the adoption of management standards, stakeholder strategies in standards development, and strategies and partnerships in CSR. Recently, I have begun focussing on the new wave of administrative innovations, including but not limited to eco-labeling.