China's Domestic Migration and Crime: A Case Study of Shanghai

By Meiju Huang and Xiaoli Jiang.

Published by The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Global Studies

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Published online: January 7, 2015 $US5.00

After more than 35 years of economic reforms, China’s urbanization has been increased from 17.92% in 1978 to 51.27% in 2011. A large number of migrants have moved from rural areas to large metropolitan cities, especially cities on the East coast and Southeast coast of China such as Beijing, Shanghai, and Guangzhou, seeking employment and better lives. However, the massive increase in city size has brought many issues such as overpopulation, traffic congestion, and crime. It is commonly believed that the influx of rural migrants is associated with increased crime. However, very few comprehensive studies based on reliable crime records have been conducted in China. This paper investigates the available crime records in five districts of Shanghai between 2008 and 2012. It focuses on China’s internal migration and associated crime rate using Shanghai as a case study. Analysis of China’s historical, economic, social, and cultural factors is presented to interpret the outcomes of this investigation.

Keywords: Migration, Crime, Rural Migrants

The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Global Studies, Volume 8, Issue 4, January 2015, pp.15-24. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Published online: January 7, 2015 (Article: Electronic (PDF File; 583.411KB)).

Meiju Huang

Lecturer, School of Arts, Shanghai Institute of Technology, Shanghai, Shanghai, China

Dr. Xiaoli Jiang

Senior Lecturer and Program Coordinator of the Bachelor of Arts (International Studies), School of Education and Arts, Federation University Australia, Ballarat, Victoria, Australia