The Santaroseros: Configuration of Their Identity and Their Willingness to Participate in Studies Involving a Genetic Component

By Carmen Laura Paz Reverol, Jovanna Villalobos, Yoraida Moran, Carolina Antunez, Jose Leonardo Paz Benitez, Luis Falque Madrid and Gladys Maestre.

Published by The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Cultural Studies

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Article: Print $US10.00
Published Online: April 11, 2016 $US5.00

The purpose of this paper is to configure the identity “santarosero”1 of the people of Santa Rosa de Agua, Maracaibo, Venezuela. This is a population that is recognized as a descendant of the indigenous people Añú or Paraujano and constantly re-creates about belonging to this ethnic group. The specific aims were: 1) to characterize the definition of people of Santa Rosa de Agua on their belonging or not to de Añú people; 2) to describe the settings on the identity/alterity are woven people living in Santa Rosa de Agua; 3) to identify the processes, experiences and characteristics which allow them to be defined as belonging to a particular social group; 4) to analyze the representations related to participation in research studies by the inhabitants of the community of Santa Rosa de Agua; 5) to identify local knowledge about genetics and biomedical tests common to studies of individuals; and 6) the willingness to participate in research studies with a genetic component. The research was based on a qualitative methodology, which focuses on the point of view of the actor. The technique to collect the information was made possible by conducting four focus groups in which thirty people participated, three men and twenty-seven women, who are assumed to be “santaroseros,” living in the town of Santa Rosa de Agua. The reading is done from the Anthropology and Sociology, according the following categories: identity, culture and cultural change, genetics, and knowledge from local cultures.

Keywords: Identity, Culture, Cultural Change, Santa Rosa de Agua, Maracaibo

The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Cultural Studies, Volume 11, Issue 2, June 2016, pp.1-13. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Published Online: April 11, 2016 (Article: Electronic (PDF File; 753.304KB)).

Carmen Laura Paz Reverol

Full Professor, Licentiate Degree and Master’s Programs in Anthropology; Facultad Experimental de Ciencias (FEC-LUZ), Universidad del Zulia (LUZ), Maracaibo, Zulia, Venezuela

Jovanna Villalobos

Master's Student, Anthropology, Universidad del Zulia (LUZ), Maracaibo, Zulia, Venezuela

Yoraida Moran

Field Coordinator, "Gene-Environment Interaction in Cognition in Venezuelan Families" Research Group, Universidad del Zulia (LUZ), Maracaibo, Zulia, Venezuela

Carolina Antunez

Senior Student, Licentiate Degree Program in Anthropology, Universidad del Zulia (LUZ), Maracaibo, Zulia, Venezuela

Jose Leonardo Paz Benitez

Senior Student, Licentiated Degree Program in Anthropology, Universidad del Zulia (LUZ), Maracaibo, Zulia, Venezuela

Dr. Luis Falque Madrid

Professor Emeritus, Nutrition and Public Health, Universidad del Zulia (LUZ), Maracaibo, Zulia, Venezuela

Gladys Maestre

Professor; Head of Neuroscience Laboratory, Institute of Biological Investigations;, Faculty of Medicine, Universidad del Zulia (LUZ), Maracaibo, Zulia, Venezuela