|Published online: July 6, 2015||Free Download|
As a result of the classical sociological analysis of the scientific method as a way of consolidating the epistemic roots of social sciences reasoning, sociology has created a unique capacity of comprehending science through the scientific method. In this paper, we discuss the rise of a reflexive “vocation” of sociology, i.e., a special epistemic condition towards the understanding of contemporary science held by sociologists. Sociology has initially pointed out the knowledge problem as an internal issue, a challenge regarding the development of a scientific way of thinking about society. Contemporary sociology has pointed out the knowledge problem as a general challenge for science as a whole, replacing the logical demarcation by a new one based on social demarcation of knowledge. Social Studies of Science and Edinburgh’s Strong Programme have finally created a symmetrical sociology of the scientific knowledge, activating the classical reflexive condition of sociology towards scientific knowledge.
|Keywords:||Axiological Neutrality, Social Demarcation, Expertise, Strong Program|
The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Cultural Studies, Volume 10, Issue 3, September 2015, pp.13-25. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Published online: July 6, 2015 (Article: Electronic (PDF File; 499.913KB)).
FAPESP Research Fellow, Sociology Department, State University of Campinas, Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil
Full Professor, Sociology Department, State University of Campinas, Campinas, Sao Paulo, Brazil