An Empirical Study of Young French Quebecers’ Imaginary Using the Archetypal Test with Nine Elements: Exploring the Links between Interpersonal Styles and Socioeconomic Status

By Christian R. Bellehumeur, Louis-Charles Lavoie, Judith Malette, Raymond Lapree and Marilyn Guindon.

Published by The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Cultural Studies

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Article: Electronic $US5.00

This study examines the links between the imaginary of young Quebecers (9 to 12 years old), their interpersonal styles (competition with self, competition against others, collaboration), and their socio-economic status, by using the AT.9 (Archetypal Test with 9 Elements). In this test, developed within the framework of Gilbert Durand’s “Anthropological Structures of the Imaginary", participants are asked to draw, using nine symbolic elements, and then write a story based on their drawing. Drawings/stories are later categorized in one of three mythical universes: heroic, mystical, or synthetic. The results obtained from 109 young Quebecers are somewhat comparable to those obtained with thousands of European adults. Competition with self, collaboration, and a higher socioeconomic standing are associated with a more elaborated mythical (i.e. synthetic) universe. The educational and clinical implications of these results are discussed.

Keywords: Imaginary, Archetypal Test with 9 Elements, Interpersonal Styles, Socioeconomic Status

The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Cultural Studies, Volume 7, Issue 3, pp.11-25. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 495.967KB).

Dr. Christian R. Bellehumeur

Associate Professor, Faculties of Human Sciences and Philosophy, Saint Paul University, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

Christian R. Bellehumeur (Ph.D. in psychology, University of Ottawa) is an Associate professor at the Faculties of Human Sciences and Philosophy, School of Counselling and Spirituality, at Saint Paul University, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. He is a social and clinical psychologist and a member of the College of Psychologists of Quebec (Ordre des psychologues du Québec). Awarded a grant by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, his research aims at a better understanding of human identity, the integration of psychology and religion, as well as the study of imaginary in human development.

Dr. Louis-Charles Lavoie

professor, University of Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada

University of Sherbrooke, Canada

Dr. Judith Malette

Associate Professor, Saint Paul University, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

Dr. Raymond Lapree

Associate Professor, Saint Paul University, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

Saint Paul University, Canada

Dr. Marilyn Guindon

professor, Saint Paul University, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

Saint Paul University, Canada