Gender and Socioeconomic Status Influence on Civic and Political Participation as a Result of Socialization

By Ausra Turcinskaite-Balciuniene and Jonas Balciunas.

Published by The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Civic and Political Studies

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In this article the contribution to the debates, concerning gender and socioeconomic status influence on civic and political participation, is provided. Data was collected by a paper-pencil type questionnaire. The trust in democracy and in elections was measured by a Likert-type scale; political knowledge was evaluated presenting both national and international political positions, asking to match them with the appropriate personality from the list of Lithuanian and international personalities; political participation attitudes were evaluated by closed format dichotomous questions; civic participation was evaluated by closed format leading questions. According to the results of the survey, conducted in a Lithuanian higher education students’ population (N=1546), males do not differ from their female peers neither by civic participation, nor by political participation frequency, but they do differ by knowledge in national political context (females are better informed than males). On the other hand, civic and political participation frequency depends on students’ socioeconomic status. As a conclusion, it ought to be highlighted, that in most European countries scientists have noticed gender disparity in political structures. Usually this disparity is explained by gender specific socialization issues. According to survey results, gender inequality in political structures is more likely to be related with structural causes, promoting men and creating obstacles for women.

Keywords: Civic Socialization, Political Socialization, Gender Identities, Socioeconomic Status

The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Civic and Political Studies, Volume 11, Issue 4, December 2016, pp.1-12. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 749.323KB).

Ausra Turcinskaite-Balciuniene

Lecturer and PhD Candidate, Business Innovation Department, Faculty of Business Management, University of Applied Sciences/Vilniaus Kolegija, Vilnius, Lithuania

Jonas Balciunas

Director of Publishing House of Lithuanian University of Educational Sciences and PhD Candidate, Department of Education, Faculty of Education, Lithuanian University of Educational Sciences, Vilnius, Lithuania