A Model of Anomia in the Baltic States

By Jeļena Ļevina, Kristīne Mārtinsone and Daiga Kamerāde.

Published by The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Civic and Political Studies

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Article: Print $US10.00
Published Online: September 9, 2016 $US5.00

The purpose of this research is to test the integrative multidimensional model of anomia, proposed by Ļevina, Mārtinsone and Kamerāde (2015) and to examine the structure of anomia among the inhabitants of the Baltic States. The secondary data from the third European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) were used. The sample consisted of the residents of Latvia (n = 1009), Lithuania (n = 1134), and Estonia (n = 1002) aged from eighteen to ninety-five years (male—35.8 percent, female—64.2 percent). In order to determine the structure of anomia among the inhabitants of the Baltic States, a principal components analysis with varimax rotation was performed on responses to the thirteen items of the questionnaire of the EQLS. The KMO measure was .85, and the Bartlett test was significant χ2 (78) = 10385.039 (p = .000). The principal components analysis revealed a structure of three components, which explained 56.54 percent of variance and could be identified as Distrust to Government and Other Social Institutions (C1), Meaninglessness (C2), and Social Isolation (C3). The same components were identified, when the principal components analysis was performed separately in the samples of Latvian, Lithuanian, and Estonian inhabitants. The results of the research provided support for the integrative multidimensional model of anomia.

Keywords: Anomia, Distrust to Government and Other Social Institutions, Social Isolation, Meaninglessness

The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Civic and Political Studies, Volume 11, Issue 3, September 2016, pp.1-12. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Published Online: September 9, 2016 (Article: Electronic (PDF File; 762.042KB)).

Dr. Jeļena Ļevina

Assistant Professor, Department of Health Psychology and Pedagogy, Faculty of Public Health and Social Welfare, Rīga Stradiņš University, Riga, Latvia

Dr. Kristīne Mārtinsone

Associate Professor, Department Head, Department of Health Psychology and Pedagogy, Faculty of Public Health and Social Welfare, Rīga Stradiņš University, Riga, Latvia

Dr. Daiga Kamerāde

Research Fellow, Third Sector Research Centre, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK