The Constitutionalist Revolution and Its Impact on Iran’s Political Development

By Mansoureh Ebrahimi, Mir Mohammad Ali Seyed Jalili Kohkamar and Maryam Soltani.

Published by The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Civic and Political Studies

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Published online: March 1, 2016 $US5.00

One of the most important periods in Iran’s contemporary history is the Constitutional Era with its considerable effects on economic, political, and socio-cultural changes. The present study reviews the constitutional revolution’s formative factors and players, including clergymen, elitists, and merchants, as well as the ideals upon which it was based. The resultant evaluation poses questions regarding its impact on political development. Our hypothesis is that Iran’s constitutional revolution failed to achieve the political goals imagined in the West as to the establishment of a functional democracy and parliament, which were processes that later followed the revolution as a continuum of social transformation. Iran did not achieve meaningful political development after the initial constitutionalist revolution. After Reza Khan took power, Iranian constitutionalism abjectly failed and despotism prevailed. After reviewing the term “constitutional,” we investigate its introduction to Iran, along with various political crises and constitutionalist upheavals. The approach utilizes descriptive-analytics and a literature review.

Keywords: Constitutionalism, Political Development, Elite, Political Thought, Democracy, Parliament

The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Civic and Political Studies, Volume 11, Issue 1, March 2016, pp.35-46. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Published online: March 1, 2016 (Article: Electronic (PDF File; 564.482KB)).

Dr. Mansoureh Ebrahimi

Senior Lecturer, Faculty of Islamic Civilization, West Asia Civilization Research Group, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru, Malaysia

Mir Mohammad Ali Seyed Jalili Kohkamar

Master Student, Faculty of Humanities, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran (Islamic Republic of)

Maryam Soltani

Master Student, Faculty of Humanities, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran (Islamic Republic of)