The elections on April 14th, 1931, showed an overwhelming republican majority. Alfonso XIII, King of Spain, suspended the exercise of royal power and went into exile. El Pardo, the nearest qualified Royal Site to Madrid, suffered different policy changes reflected in its social development. The Second Republic and the Spanish Civil War have been two highly processed items, but nevertheless, El Pardo itself, and in comparison with other affected areas, does not seem to be of concern despite being the residential core of the main political leaders from Manuel Azaña in the Second Republic time, before the Civil War, to Francisco Franco in the ‘40s. This study aims to examine how the political forces shaped and transformed this Royal Site from a social point of view. It is also about social projects which are frustrated because of the precarious economic situation and how the procedure was changed and El Pardo as an independent town until the 1950s as an integral part of the State Capital. It also takes part of the researching thesis core for the PhD on which Cantarero is working, and introduces such other lines of research as “The Urban Development Plan after the Civil War in the Royal Site of El Pardo, in Madrid, Spain,” from the architectural point of view.
|Keywords:||El Pardo, Royal Site, Spanish Heritage, Social Development, Political Forces, Spanish Civil War, Spanish Republic, General Francisco Franco.|
Associate Professor of Architecture, Department of Theory and Projects in Architecture and Urbanism, Polytechnic School-EPS, CEU San Pablo University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain