Health Supportive Behaviour in Adolescents: Prevention in Dental Care and Its Correlates

By Iva Burešová, Martin Jelínek and Jaroslava Dosedlová.

Published by The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Educational Studies

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Published online: February 23, 2016 $US5.00

This study presents partial results of an extensive research project called "Health-Enhancing and Health-Threatening Behaviour: Determinants, Models, and Consequences" (GA13-19808S). The aim of the research is to map behavioural components related to dental health in adolescents and link them to selected personality traits and other aspects of health-related behaviour. The research sample consisted of 822 respondents (48% girls and 42% boys) between 11 and 19 years of age (m = 15.7, SD = 2.2). A majority of the research group stated that they went to regular preventive check-ups (94%) as well as dental preventive examinations (71% twice a year, 22% once a year). Seventy-seven percent of the respondents reported regular dental hygiene (brushing teeth twice a day). A larger extent of regular dental hygiene was reported by girls. Furthermore, differences have been observed in the frequency of dental preventive check-ups. Eighty-three percent of younger adolescents between 11 and 15 years reported going to check-ups twice a year, while only 63 percent of older adolescents between 16 and 19 years reported doing so. Regarding the daily dental hygiene in terms of frequency of brushing teeth, no significant differences between the group of younger and older adolescents were observed. Frequency of cleaning teeth related to other aspects of health supportive behaviours such as adherence to healthy diet and avoidance of addictive substances. No significant relationships were found between personality dimensions measured by a questionnaire BFI and aspects of dental prevention.

Keywords: Health-related Behavior, Dental Care, Personality, Gender, Adolescence

The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Educational Studies, Volume 11, Issue 1, March 2016, pp.15-20. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Published online: February 23, 2016 (Article: Electronic (PDF File; 367.513KB)).

Iva Burešová

Senior Lecturer and Researcher, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Arts, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic

Martin Jelínek

Senior Lecturer and Researcher, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Arts, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic

Jaroslava Dosedlová

Senior Lecturer and Researcher, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Arts, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic