The present study deals with the tension between the real self-portrait and the ideal portrait in the case of scientists and will try to determine its relation with a number of factors such as the: structure of motivation, extrinsic versus intrinsic; intensity of motivation, calculated by the three infrastructural dimensions of each motivational factor either of intrinsic or extrinsic type—valence, expectancy, instrumentality redefined in terms of locus of control or agency; work satisfaction; formal status within the research system; and field of research (exact sciences—mathematics, physics, chemistry, engineering and technological sciences, social sciences, biological sciences). 30 bipolar traits used in Mitroff’s study on Apollo moon scientists were applied to a representative sample of Romanian scientists in a longitudinal study carried out during the communist regime, in order to determine how they perceive their self-portrait and the portrait of the ideal scientist. The study identifies the main types of traits (cognitive orientation, intellectual traits, moral traits, attitudes toward self-other relationships, political orientation) that are marked by the smaller distance between the ideal scientist and the self-portrait. The findings suggest that the representations of the self-portrait of the researchers who work in more formalized scientific areas are closer to their representations of the ideal scientist than the representations of the researchers who work in less formalized scientific areas.
|Keywords:||Real Self-portrait, Ideal Portrait, Motivational Strength and Quality, Distance between Ideal and Real Portrait|
Teaching, Department of Psychology, Loras College, Dubuque, Iowa, USA