Factors Affecting the Decision to “Age in Place” in Post-retirement

By Hülya Öztop and Ayfer Aydıner Boylu.

Published by The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social and Community Studies

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Impending retirement sets in motion a chain of other events. Many people leave their territory after retiring, while others have expressed their intention to stay or “age in place.” The purpose of this study is to explore the factors that affect the decision to stay in the same location after retirement as well as to attach importance to the public services that are in the location where the retirees will live. Participants of this study consisted of employees aged 50 and above at the Hacettepe University in Ankara, Turkey. The sample size was determined using a random sampling method (n=422). More than half (59.2%) of the sample were men, while 40.8% were women. Most (85.1%) of the sample were married. More than half of the participants had a university or higher degree (63.8%), and 31.5% were high school graduates. More than half (50.2%) of the sample’s monthly household incomes were above the poverty line, and 49.1% of the sample’s monthly household income was between the starvation line and the poverty line. Results of the means’ comparisons showed significant differences in the decision to stay in a location after retirement based on gender, level of education, an individual’s assessment of his/her income adequacy and health, duration of living in Ankara and in the present dwelling, and the frequency of relocation. Moreover, comparisons of the means indicated significant differences in the ability to attach importance to the public services in the location where the impending retirees would live based on gender and the frequency of relocation.

Keywords: Post-retirement, Residential Mobility, Community Services

The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social and Community Studies, Volume 7, Issue 2, pp.73-87. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 497.100KB).

Dr. Hülya Öztop

Associate Professor, Department of Family and Consumer Sciences, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Beytepe, Turkey

Dr. Hülya Öztop is an associate professor of family and consumer sciences at Hacettepe University in the Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences. She teaches in the undergraduate and graduate programs in the areas of family and consumer sciences, housing physical environment arrangement, and family life education. Dr. Öztop’s research interests include family life education, elderly and family relations, and consumer education. She has published in a variety of social science journals, including Educational Gerontology, Social Behavior and Personality an International Journal, Journal of Qafqaz University, Kadın / Women 2000, Turk Geriatri Dergisi, Egitim ve Bilim Dergisi, Yaslı Sorunları Arastırma Dergisi, and Aile ve Toplum Dergisi.

Dr. Ayfer Aydıner Boylu

Academic, Department of Family and Consumer Sciences, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Beytepe, Turkey

Aydıner Boylu is an associate professor of family and consumer sciences at Hacettepe University Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences. She teaches in the undergraduate and graduate programs in the areas of family and consumer sciences, the methods and techniques of adult education, family crisis management, quality of life in theory and indicators. Dr. Aydıner Boylu’s research interests include economical activities of families and family quality of life. She has published in a variety of social science journals, including Indian Journal of Social Work, Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, The International Journal of the Humanities, Society and Social Work. Some of her works’ titles include: the impact of the economic crisis on lifestyles of families, poverty and family, principles of saving and investment, economical activities in families, utilization of the consumer loans by the families, analyses of debt related behaviors of families, an assessment of economic costs and contributions of children to the family, and the effect of the communication environment on socialization as a consumer. Her interests are archeology, mythology, and travelling.