The Roles of Gender and Income in Religious Engagement among Older Adults

By Hyunsook Kang and Bonnie Ahn.

Published by The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social and Community Studies

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Published online: April 9, 2014 $US5.00

This study examined the relationships of income and gender with religious engagement among older adults. Data from the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project (NSHAP) survey (Waite et al. 2007, 31-149), which sampled persons 57-85 years of age (n=3005), was used. It was hypothesized that older adults’ income and gender differentially influence religious engagement. Multiple regression analysis results revealed that older adults with lower income engaged less frequently in religious activities compared to older adults with higher income. In addition, female older adults had a higher frequency of religious engagement than male older adults. Based on regression analysis, older adults’ income and gender had interaction effects on their religious engagement. Implications of this research are discussed.

Keywords: Religious Engagement, Income, Gender, Older Adults

The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social and Community Studies, Volume 8, Issue 1, April 2014, pp.1-11. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Published online: April 9, 2014 (Article: Electronic (PDF File; 447.935KB)).

Dr. Hyunsook Kang

Assisstant Professor, Department of Health & Human Sciences, Southeastern Louisiana University, Hammond, Louisiana, USA

Dr. Hyunsook Kang is an assistant professor in the Department of Counseling and Human Development at Southeastern Louisiana University in Hammond, Louisiana. She received her Bachelor's and Master's degree in Korea and worked as a family counselor for many years before she came to the United States for her doctoral study. She received her Ph.D. from Texas Tech University in Lubbock, Texas. Dr. Kang has several research studies published in professional social science journals. Her research focuses primarily on the issues related to older people's social and psychological well-being including religiosity, volunteer activities, social networking and employment.

Dr. Bonnie Ahn

Associate Professor, Department of Health & Human Sciences, Southeastern Louisiana University, Hammond, LA, USA

Dr. Bonnie Ahn is an associate professor in the Department of Counseling and Human Development at Southeastern Louisiana University in Hammond, Louisiana. Dr. Ahn received her Ph.D. in social work from Louisiana State University. She has a number of research studies published in International Social Work, Journal of Baccalaureate Social Work Education, Journal of Teaching in Social Work and Hong Kong Journal of Social Work. Her research interests include domestic violence among immigrant families, partner abuse among college students, identity issues of gay men and lesbians.