The economic crisis stimulated the growing importance of the “putting-out” system for the development of small-scale batik industries, in which home-workers who produce goods at home are part of a decentralized chain of production and control. Such systems were already present before the crisis but are now more prominent, faster, complex, and different from the “putting-out” system in general. The performance of the former cannot be separated from the “hidden” roles of the home-workers and their families. The home-workers have played strategic roles in supporting the existence and survival of the small-scale batik industries, but despite their contributions, they remain on the margins. This paper is based on research conducted in Central Java, Indonesia, and describes three key findings, namely (a) the paradox of the growing importance of the putting-out system for the development of the batik industry, (b) The POS Transformation from a gender perspective, and (c) the implications of the system on the role of home-workers and the employment conditions in the batik industry.
|Keywords:||Batik, Gender, Putting-Out System, Home-Workers|
Chairperson, Centre for Gender Research and Studies, Satya Wacana Christian University (SWCU) Salatiga, Research centre, Satya Wacana Christian University (SWCU), Salatiga, Central Java, Indonesia