The Paradox of the Growing Importance of the “Putting-Out” System in the Development of the Batik Industry: A Case Study in the Sragen-Surakarta-Sukoharjo Cluster of Indonesia

By Arianti Ina Restiani Hunga.

Published by The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Organizational Studies

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The economic crisis stimulated the growing importance of the “putting-out” system for the development of small-scale batik industries, in which home-workers who produce goods at home are part of a decentralized chain of production and control. Such systems were already present before the crisis but are now more prominent, faster, complex, and different from the “putting-out” system in general. The performance of the former cannot be separated from the “hidden” roles of the home-workers and their families. The home-workers have played strategic roles in supporting the existence and survival of the small-scale batik industries, but despite their contributions, they remain on the margins. This paper is based on research conducted in Central Java, Indonesia, and describes three key findings, namely (a) the paradox of the growing importance of the putting-out system for the development of the batik industry, (b) The POS Transformation from a gender perspective, and (c) the implications of the system on the role of home-workers and the employment conditions in the batik industry.

Keywords: Batik, Gender, Putting-Out System, Home-Workers

The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Organizational Studies, Volume 7, Issue 2, pp.1-12. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 958.113KB).

Dr Arianti Ina Restiani Hunga

Chairperson, Centre for Gender Research and Studies, Satya Wacana Christian University (SWCU) Salatiga, Research centre, Satya Wacana Christian University (SWCU), Salatiga, Central Java, Indonesia

I'm a researcher in the Centre for Gender Research at Satya Wacana Christian University (SWCU), Salatiga. My field research is on gender issues in poverty from the social-economic perspective. I completed several research projects around the issues of gender and poverty. A topic of my research includes Home-workers and Micro-small medium industries based on the "putting-out" system in Central Java form different perspectives. I joined an International research group sponsored by KNAW (Royal Nederlands Academy of Art and Sciences), researching "Indonesia in Transition." I helped research in the sub-topic “Coping with Crisis." I'm a facilitator for the gender mainstreaming program in education in the Central Java province. In the Indonesia 2009 Election, I acted as a team leader and helped execute the Voters and Electoral Education program for women in poor areas of Central Java. This program is supported by UNDP. I'm also a lecturer in the Faculty of Social Sciences at SWCU. The subject I teach is mainly gender-related.