Shifting Societal Attitudes and Values in Belarus, 1989-2015

By Jonathan H. Westover.

Published by The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Organizational Studies

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Published Online: August 15, 2016 $US5.00

Despite its central geographic location and cultural and political history and current economic ties with its neighbors, to this point Belarus has largely been an understudied country. However, a growing number of scholars have demonstrated how the economic collapse of the former Soviet Union resulted in the transformation of the political and economic system in Belarus and caused a decline in the material circumstances of households, reduced social integration and social cohesion, and a decline in the ability of people to take control over their own lives (e.g. Veremeeva, 2011; Muradyan 2011; Abbott and Wallace 2010). Abbott (2007) argued, “that lived experience—how people evaluate their condition—is as significant an influence on their welfare as the actual circumstances in which they live” (p. 219) and found that most Belarusians perceive the post-1991 economic and political changes negatively, and that levels of general satisfaction and happiness are comparatively low in relation to other post-Soviet countries. Furthermore, previous research has shown that labor management practices in Belarus are more negative for workers than those under the Soviet system (Danilovich and Croucher, 2011). Building upon these and other studies, this research uses descriptive attitudinal data from multiple waves of the World Values Survey to examine and explore the political and economic structural country contextual factors impacting social and labor transformation in the country, with a focus on changing work attitudes and values in post-Soviet Belarus from 1989-2014.

Keywords: Belarus, Societal Attitudes, Work Values

The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Organizational Studies, Volume 11, Issue 3, September 2016, pp.1-26. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Published Online: August 15, 2016 (Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.983MB)).

Dr. Jonathan H. Westover

Associate Professor, Woodbury School of Business, Utah Valley University, Orem, Utah, USA