Gender Preferences of Work Values and the Effect of Demographic Factors

By Moshe Sharabi.

Published by The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Organizational Studies

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This research examines gender differences in work-goal preferences (e.g., interest, good pay, interpersonal relations and job security) in Israel. In 2006, the "meaning of work" questionnaire was handed out to 909 participants composing a representative sample of the Israeli labor force; 463 were men and 446 were women. Regression analysis reveals that demographic variables (occupational status, education, income etc.) can explain most of the initial differences between men and women. The demographic variables neutralize the gender differences regarding the work goals of interpersonal relationships, good pay, autonomy and variety. The goals of convenient hours and a match between the job and one's abilities/ experience were more important to women than to men. Compared to previous studies, this up to date study reveals that women have become more materialistic since they now bestow similar importance regarding pay and job security as men do, but they have not given up on the goal of convenient hours for the sake of the family. The findings reflect work-family conflict among Israeli women.

Keywords: Work Goals, Gender, Work-family Conflict

The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Organizational Studies, Volume 8, Issue 2, December 2014, pp.13-25. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 422.452KB).

Dr. Moshe Sharabi

Department Head, Department of Sociology and Anthropology, The Max Stern Yezreel Valley College, Emek Yezreel, Israel